→ Source Code Vulnerabilities
→ Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)
Cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks involve threat actors injecting dangerous scripts into otherwise trusted and benign sites. XSS attacks can happen when an attacker tricks a web app into permitting data from untrusted sources, such as data passed to an application programming interface (API) endpoint through client software.
Because XSS allows untrusted users to execute code in trusted users’ browsers, XSS software security gaps can empower attackers to harvest user data and take control of applications and sites.
→ Cross-Site Request Forgeries (CSRFs)
Lastly, threat actors can use cross-site request forgeries (CSRFs) to encourage users to perform unintended actions. They accomplish this by tricking web browsers into executing malicious requests on sites that the user is already logged into.
Cybercriminals can also use forums, social media, and their own websites to post malicious links and other content that forces browsers to make unnoticed calls to other websites. For instance, they can embed malicious links in a legitimate-looking online banking page. If the victim clicks the link, the CSRF will transfer money to the threat actor’s account.
✓ Integrity Checks
Third-party libraries and resources provide many advantages, such as the ability to build software and websites more effectively and efficiently. Unfortunately, they are also risky to use. As previously mentioned, they are often riddled with source code vulnerabilities. For instance, a threat actor could inject malicious code into a resource that can lead to a data leak or hack when downloaded.
- Adding files that they want to protect to a baseline list
- Comparing files to this baseline list
- Instantly sending alerts to administrators about attempts to modify the monitored files
✓ Frequent NPM Vulnerabilities Tests
- The NPM registry, an online database of paid-for private and public packages
- NPM, a command line client
Developers can use the npm audit command in NPM to spot vulnerabilities for all installed dependencies. They should automate this command for every pull request to protect systems and data from exploitation. Otherwise, vulnerabilities will start stacking up, making it difficult for developers to address them.
✓ URL Validation
URL validation bolsters security against possible exploits and prevents bugs from arising while running code. It ensures that all URL components — such as the hostname, origin, domain name, and protocol — meet internet standards, such as security protocols.
Developers should implement URL validation in every software or application that identifies and verifies resources like images, pages, videos, and gifs. They can also use the following methods to validate URLs:
- Hostname validation. This involves a server identity check to ensure that users are talking to the right server and have not been redirected by a threat actor. Developers validate the hostname by looking at the certificate sent by the server. Then, they verify that the certificate’s dnsName in the subjectAltName field matches the host portion of the URL that was used to make the request.
- Checking URLs for passwords and usernames. Developers can also check URLs for passwords and usernames. This protects credentials and ensures compliance with relevant company and legal policies.
✓ Use Independent Components
There are many tools for building apps with independent components. Many of these tools empower developers to:
- Distribute development to autonomous teams and components
- Easily fix and upgrade modular components across systems
- Drive development consistency and standards across products and teams
- Compose components into various products without having to program from scratch
- Kiuwan static application security testing (SAST). This tool automatically scans code to identify and remediate vulnerabilities. It also gives you valuable insights and stats about your codebase. Kiuwan SAST complies with stringent industry regulations and security standards, including CWE, OWASP, CERT, and SANS.
- Kiuwan Insights software composition analysis (SCA). This can detect and track all open-source components in a company’s codebase, allowing developers and programmers to manage their open-source components and close security gaps. SCA also alerts developers about security and compliance issues and blocks them from using suspicious code.
- Add-ons. Additionally, Kiuwan offers several add-ons. This includes Code Analysis (QA), which enables teams to identify issues with code characteristics like portability, efficiency, maintainability, and reliability. Another notable add-on is Governance, which gives quality assurance engineers data for managing their software portfolio, assessing application evolution, and comparing applications.
Interested in learning more about how Kiuwan can help teams? Click the link below!