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This guide will show you how to set up SSO with SAML 2.0 and Kiuwan.
In a SAML - SSO scenario, we can define the following actors or participants:
A User requesting for some resource or service
A Service Provider (SP) that receives the request and provides the service or access to the resource
An Identity Provider (IdP) that authenticate the user and asserts the user identity
SSO can be implemented through different protocols, SAML and OpenId Connect being the most widely used.
Kiuwan currently supports SAML and this document serves as a how-to to use Kiuwan in an SSO-SAML environment.
In summary, if your organization is using some kind of centralized users’ credentials repository implementing SAML and you want to use those enterprise credentials to authenticate in Kiuwan, this document provides you with information on how to set up Kiuwan to participate in an SSO-SAML environment.
What is SAML?
SAML stands for Security Assertion Markup Language and it’s an open standard for exchanging authentication and authorization data between parties. In particular, between an identity provider (IdP) and a Service Provider (SP).
SAML is an XML-based markup language for security assertions usually transferred from IdPs to SPs. These assertions are used by SPs to make access-control decisions.
SAML assertions contain three types of statements:
Example: User U has been successfully authenticated at time T using method M of authentication
Example: User U does contain value V for attribute A
Example: User U is permitted to perform action A on resource R
Besides assertions, SAML defines SAML protocols, i.e. the processing rules to use assertions between SPs and IdPs.
Examples of such protocols are :
Assertion Query and Request Protocol
Authentication Request Protocol
These SAML protocols can be mapped to standard messaging formats. This mapping is called a SAML binding, examples of such bindings are:
SAML SOAP Binding
HTTP Redirect (GET) Binding
HTTP POST Binding
Finally, SAML profiles describe in detail how SAML assertions, protocols, and bindings combine to support a defined use case.
SAML 2.0 provides support for many profiles such as:
Web Browser SSO Profile
Identity Provider Discovery Profile
Assertion Query/Request Profile
The most important SAML 2.0 profile is the Web Browser SSO Profile, and it’s fully supported by Kiuwan.
SAML Security requirements
The SAML specifications recommends:
TLS 1.0+ for transport-level security
XML Signature and XML Encryption for message-level security
Web Browser Single Sign-On
Here is an image describing how Single Sign-On works:
SAML 2.0 Metadata
In the Web Browser SSO workflow above, there are some interactions between the IdP and the SP that are based on mutual trust, for example:
How does the SP know the IdP is authentic? And in turn, how does the IdP know the SP is authentic?
How does the SP know where to send the user agent with the auth request? And how does the IdP know where to send the user agent with the auth response?
How does the IdP encrypt the SAML assertion so that the trusted SP (and only the trusted SP) can decrypt the assertion?
How does the service provider know that the auth response is coming from a trusted IdP?
These and other similar trust conditions are based on the use of SAML 2.0 Metadata.
Metadata ensures a secure transaction between an IdP and an SP through the sharing of trusted information.
SAML 2.0 provides a well-defined, interoperable metadata format that entities can leverage to bootstrap the trust process.
Regarding SSO SAML actor’s identity, metadata are defined for:
Identity Provider metadata (to publish identifying information about the IdP itself)
Service Provider metadata (to publish identifying information about the SP itself)
Also, the endpoints of communication are defined by metadata, such as:
SSO Service metadata (description of IdP’s SSO endpoint)
Assertion Consumer Service (desc of SP’s service to send assertions from the IdP)
How to configure Kiuwan to work with SSO - SAML
As explained before, Kiuwan plays the role of Service Provider (SP) in an SSO - SAML context.
To configure SSO in Kiuwan you must first, of course, rely on an existing Identity Provider (IdP). There are many available IdP systems, all of them sharing SAML concepts (more or less adapted to their terminology).
As seen above, to set up a Web SSO environment, SAML agents (idP and SP) need to be identified and let each other know of their existence.
This step is accomplished by exchanging each other’s metadata.
Kiuwan configuration: How to configure your IdP in Kiuwan
Go to Account Management > Organization and click Configure SSO.
The following notes are shown in the window, which should be read carefully:
Click Continue to upload your IdP Metadata XML.
In a typical ADFS installation, you can commonly get it at https://<your_idp_domainname>/FederationMetadata/2007-06/FederationMetadata.xml
If your IdP is Azure AD, check the checkbox My IdP is Azure AD.
Once it’s loaded, click Continue.
At this moment, you should have received an email with an activation code as well as Domain Id and Login URL. Enter the activation code and click Activate SSO button.
- If you want to avoid currently existing Kiuwan users to login using former credentials (username and password), check Disable login with password for all my users. By checking this option, all the users will be forced to log in through SSO (using the provided URL).
- If you don’t check that option, existing users can still log in using user/password, but using the new URL. The older Kiuwan URL will not work anymore because all the users have been migrated to SSO.
IMPORTANT: if your users are using Kiuwan Local Analyzer, DO NOT CHECK THIS OPTION, because all the users will be forced to use SSO. KLA still does not fully support SSO, if checked, you will need to manually activate user/password auth for all KLA’s users.
Admin users can ALWAYS login both ways. Other users can be managed individually as using Kiuwan auth or SSO (see User management).
Example mail with activation code:
After SSO activation, you will get the URL you need to configure Kiuwan as an SP in your IdP.
Close the page and the Kiuwan SSO configuration is done!
If you need to update existing metadata with new IdP metadata, go to the SSO initial configuration page and click Upload a new IdP Metadata.
Click Save to complete the update
After metadata configuration, go to Account Management > Profile and you will see the following data in your Kiuwan account.
Domain ID only appears when your Kiuwan account is configured to use SSO.
- This ID is needed to login to your kiuwan account and it’s shared by all users of a Kiuwan account, but unique for every Kiuwan account.
Username field contains your Kiuwan username and it matches the Claim mapping (Name ID) defined in your IdP when you defined Kiuwan as Service Provider (see image above for ADFS).
Email, Name and Lastname fields are descriptive data about the user.
IdP configuration: How to configure Kiuwan as Service Provider
The IdP (Identity Provider) must be configured to recognize Kiuwan as an SP (Service Provider).
Any SAML-compliant IdP (Active Directory FS, Azure AD, CA Single Sign-On, etc) follows its configuration method, although steps are similar.
We provide a detailed example of how to configure Active Directory Federation Services (ADFS). For other IdPs please refer to your sysadmins or product documentation.
Active Directory Federation Services (ADFS) configuration
3. Then, ADFS will ask you about Kiuwan’s identity metadata.
Ideally, if your ADFS can reach Kiuwan servers, you will select the first option (Import data .. online).
Then you must provide the address that can be found at your Kiuwan website at Account Management >> Organization page (see image below)
If your ADFS cannot reach the Kiuwan server, upload the XML metadata document by selecting Import data .. from a file.
In this case, you must previously download the XML document from the KIuwan URL above. Just paste the URL in a browser that can access the Kiuwan server
4. Provide a Display name for Kiuwan.
(It doesn’t have to be a domain hostname.)
5. Choose the Access Control Policy that will govern the access rules of your organization’s users to Kiuwan.
6. Click Next to confirm.
|7. Review the information from the SP (relying party) and click Next to finish the SP configuration in ADFS.|
Notice that Configure claims issuance policy.. is checked.
When checked, you will define how to map/transform your organization’s users to Kiuwan users.
8. Click Close and Edit Claim Issuance Policy dialog will pop up.
|9. Click Add Rule to open Add Transform Claim Rule Wizard.|
10. Select the template rule most adequate for your organization.
In the example, we select to map an LDAP attribute
You can select whatever LDAP attribute that it’s unique to every user (i.e. the user’s email address) and map that attribute to the Name ID claim type.
Do not select any other claim type, Kiuwan will only use Name ID.
Kiuwan will store as a username the selected attribute value.
11. Click Finish.
|12. Click Apply to apply changes.|
How to log into Kiuwan in a Web SSO scenario
The first time you log in at Kiuwan in SSO-mode, you need to specify the full URL such as:
Please note that, once SSO has been activated, the login URL must specify both SSO and domain parameters.
- sso=on will make Kiuwan authenticate against the configured IdP
- sso=off will make Kiuwan authenticate locally, so login page will ask for credentials and will check them against kiuwan database (obviously this process will only work for users that are allowed to log in with kiuwan passwords, see SSO login vs username-passwordlogin)
If you don't specify SSO, it defaults to off.
Most commonly, in an SSO environment you will access Kiuwan from an existing link in a corporate intranet page, so the Kiuwan URL should be changed to it and you will not need to type manually such URL.
Anyway, once you have successfully accessed Kiuwan for the first time, your browser will store the domain id, so you can just type https://www.kiuwan.com and everything will work.
Then, the Kiuwan SSO Login page will be displayed.
Just click Log In and the SSO-SAML protocol will be activated.
- If you were already successfully authenticated, you will log in to Kiuwan.
- If not, you will be redirected to your organizational authentication page. Once authenticated, you will be redirected to the Kiuwan dashboard.
An alternative method to login to Kiuwan is from your IdP.
If you are using ADF, you will find a URL like this: https://<your_idp_hostname>/adfs/ls/idpInitiatedsignon.htm
Just select the site (the Display Name defined at your IdP), you will be asked for your credentials and will be redirected to the Kiuwan dashboard!!
How to configure Kiuwan clients to work with SSO - SAML
After configuring SSO, your web users can immediately log in to the Kiuwan website using the new login URL.
But, Kiuwan “clients” (i.e. Kiuwan Local Analyzer, Kiuwan 4 Developers, and any custom program using Kiuwan REST-API) need to be configured to use SSO.
Kiuwan Local Analyzer (KLA): SSO configuration
Once SSO is configured, it's mandatory to configure KLA with the SSO Domain ID.
Otherwise, KLA will stop working!!
Nevertheless, KLA will still use user/password configuration (a new KLA with SSO authentication will be released shortly).
In summary, after the SSO activation:
Configure KLA with SSO Domain ID
Be sure KLA users are allowed to use username/password authentication
KLA’s SSO Domain ID configuration can be done in three different ways:
- By using KLA GUI as the image shows:
- By modifying the agent.properties file:
- set domain.id property to your domain id
- Additionally, if you are using KLA CLI you can also specify the domain.id property as a command-line parameter.
Kiuwan for Developers (K4D): SSO configuration
Similarly to KLA SSO configuration, K4D also needs to be configured with the Domain ID
Go to your IDE’s Kiuwan configuration, select Connection Properties > Single Sign-On and enter your Domain ID.
REST-API: SSO configuration
For custom programs using Kiuwan REST-API calls, you have to add a new header (X-KW-CORPORATE-DOMAIN-ID) to indicate the Domain ID to pass the BASIC authentication.
SSO login vs username-password login
When a Kiuwan account is converted to SSO-enabled, by default, all existing users :
- They must use the new login URL (see How to login at Kiuwan in a Web SSO scenario )
- Previous URL login (https://www.kiuwan.com/saas/web/login.html) will not work anymore
- Usernames and permissions are entirely preserved
- Only the authentication mechanism has changed. Usernames, assigned roles, permissions, user groups, etc are maintained.
- By default, existing users (not admins) are not allowed to log in to kiuwan using former Kiuwan's password
- They will be authenticated by the configured identity provider (IdP), not by Kiuwan.
Nevertheless, you might want certain users to being authenticated also by Kiuwan, i,e, some user might choose to authenticate either by SSO or by Kiuwan.
The Kiuwan admin can enable username-password access through the User Administration page, enabling Login with password enabled to selected users
Adding a new user in an SSO-enabled account
In an SSO-enabled account, when you create a new user, you can decide if that user can access Kiuwan with a password (besides SSO).
Just check the Enable login with password option in the New User page and click on Generate password to let him/her know.
Appendix - Azure Active Directory configuration: How to configure Kiuwan as Service Provider
You must configure your Idp (Azure AD) so it recognizes Kiuwan as an SP (Service Provider).
In Azure AD, create an Enterprise Application (Kiuwan SSO, in this example).
- Select Azure Active Directory >> Enterprise applications
- Click on New application.
- Select Non-gallery application and fill in the app name (Kiuwan SSO in our example) and click Add.
- When created, you will see a page like this.
- Next, add users that will be allowed to log in to the Kiuwan SSO application.
- Select the users from your Azure Active Directory that will be allowed to log in to the Kiuwan SSO application.
- Now that some user has been added, configure the Single sign-on.
- Export the Azure Active Directory metadata and import it to Kiuwan.
To export AAD metadata, click on the Download link at Federation Metadata XML.
The downloaded XML file needs to be imported into your Kiuwan account, as shown before.
After importing AAD metadata into Kiuwan, your Kiuwan account will be ready to generate its metadata that you will import into AAD.
1. To export Kiuwan metadata, go to Account Management > Organization and you will see the URL to download Kiuwan metadata.
2. Type the URL in a browser and save the content as an XML file.
1. Now, import (upload) the Kiuwan metadata XML file into AAD.
2. Once uploaded, click Save.
3. Once done, click on User Attributes & Claims to set your Claims policy.
4. Select the Name identifier value and set up the policy on how to manage your ADA usernames to Kiuwan usernames.
5. In this example, we take the first part of the email.
For example, an AAD user with email firstname.lastname@example.org will be mapped to john.doe when sent to Kiuwan.
6. Now, click Test to test Single Sign-On with the Kiuwan SSO app.
7. Select the user (the current one or someone else)
8. Because you are already logged in ADD (and therefore authenticated) you will be forwarded directly to the Kiuwan app.
9. Login from the Kiuwan site
Login from the Kiuwan site
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